In the ethnographic collection of the Museum, an estimated number of 1663 items are instruments used in the practice of traditional occupations and crafts, which reflect adaptation of local inhabitants in this area to a habitat which specifically differs from other regions.

In terms of animal and vegetal products processing for utility purposes, the collection consists in tools and devices, complex traditional instruments used in fishing, beekeeping, fruit growing, wine growing, seed processing, agriculture, milling, breeding, hunting.

A series of means and techniques reflect the preoccupation of the Romanian and other ethnic populations with the processing of raw materials in order to obtain building materials, household items and also to produce utensils, tools, instruments, devices, weapons and vehicles specific to activities in this area for the preindustrial civilisation. Traditional crafts such as processing of wood, clay, stone, vegetables (reed, rush, straw) are well represented.

For the processing of leather, fur, plant and animal fibres to achieve household items, netting, woven materials for decorative or clothing purpose, the ethnography collection provides visitors with a wide range of tools, devices, mechanisms, means used in the domestic industry: furrier’s trade, saddlery, shoemaking, carding, spinning, warping, weaving, sewing, knitting, scutching …

To transport all these materials, processed raw materials and tools used to the working place, manual or animal traction, land or water vehicles such as wheelbarrow, cart, forecarriage, sled, boat etc. were used.