The Aromanians is the romanised native population of the southern Balkan Peninsula still living today in numerous localities in Greece, Albania, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro.
Between the two world wars, following an agreement between the Romanian state and other states in the South-Eastern Europe, part of Macedo-Romanians moved in Dobrudja, in Durostor and Caliacra counties at the beginning, which now belong to Bulgaria and then, in 1940, they left these places to move in Constanta and Tulcea counties.
In terms of traditions conservation, the Macedo-Romanians’ presence in Dobrudja is revealed by 670 pieces (woven fabrics for household and decorative use, folk clothing) belonging to the heritage of the Museum of Ethnography and Folk Art. Thick, polychrome, wool or goat hair fabrics prevailed in the Aromanian traditional house.
The decorative assembly of the woven materials distinguishes by the joining great sobriety areas (garnet-red, black) and light splashes of colour (red, yellow, purple, green).
The Macedo-Romanian traditional garment is part of the great and diversified category of the Balkan clothing and consists, both in men and female’s versions, in numerous and various pieces (chiptare, fustane, canduse, poi, giumidane, sarica, cioariti, parpodzi etc).
Aromanian traditional clothing distinguishes by a high sense of suggestive, sculptural-type values.
The adornments are made in silver alloy and give shine to the clothing. They are used especially in the female’s clothing (tasul – a sort of disc applied on the cloth cap, mardzeale – beads, ploci – belt with buckles, minghiusi – earrings).
The manly clothing has a single ornament, i.e. the chain which the clasp knife is attached to (chiusteca di custura).
The adornments fabrication uses ancient techniques such as filigree, “au repoussé” hammering, engraving, intarsia. There are approximately 100 pieces in the museum heritage.