The folk towels collection consists of 2385 items from different ethnic populations in this area. With their decorative function, folk towels of Dobrudja are “wall towels” type. The same rectangular shaped type of towel (locally called peschir) if found in the Romanian, Bulgarian, Greek and Ukrainian tradition, which is the evidence of a feature specific to the ethnic cohabitation area.
Made of cotton and silk with the loop, the folk towel has its edges decorated with special motifs, also with the loom.
Stylized and geometric representations of motifs and their suggestive names (water wave, mill, little trees, little crown, horse, horse and rider, girls, star) reveal an artistic transfiguration of the nature and daily occupations. The Turkish and Tartars folk towels have rectangular shape (geaulac) and square shape (cevre).
These items were used for decorative purposes only in the wedding and baptism ceremony, the rest of the time being kept as dowry.
The motifs used for the Turkish and Tartars towels are typical oriental: pansy, hyacinth, cypress tree, pomegranate flower and fruit etc. Usually, the motifs are embroidered with silk, golden and silvery metallic thread.
Towel collection also includes items made in late 19th century and early 20th century and contemporary creative pieces.