The construction is based on a project developed in 1924 and was raised in the interwar period (1924 – 1927), at the end of the national trend in Romanian architecture.
The building has a balanced composition given both by its position in a junction and the initial functionality.
This public edifice can be considered a successful sample of modern architecture, built on the traditional architecture values that marked the first part of the 20th century.
The patrimony of the museum reflects, through the diversity of its collections, a unique cultural model generated by the ethnic cohabitation between Romanians and other populations. The approximately 8000 pieces make up an invaluable ethnographic fund which can be translated in the folk art and folk clothing collections, ethnography and photo-documents.